Myopia control can slow the worsening or progression of myopia. Eye specialists usually recommend this treatment for children to keep myopia levels low. Regular eyeglasses or contact lenses improve eyesight, but they do not slow the progression of myopia.
Myopia control can help to improve vision without the need for frequent changes in prescription. It can also reduce the risk of developing eye diseases and vision impairment in the future. It is helpful to understand myopia control treatment options.
Orthokeratology or ortho-k is a myopia control option that involves contact lenses worn during sleep. The lenses apply pressure to the cornea, temporarily reshaping the eye surface while the patient sleeps. The user removes the lenses in the morning, and the effect lasts all day.
Users can enjoy good vision all day without wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses. Ortho-k produces dramatic results. This allows users to be free from lenses as they perform daily activities.
Regular, single-focus eyeglasses do not slow the progression of myopia, but special eyeglasses can. Myopia control eyeglasses help correct blurred vision while also slowing myopia progression. The specially-designed eyeglasses are safe and easy to adapt to, with few side effects.
The most effective lens designs have mini lenses across the main lens surface. Some designs apply a diffusion of light to slow myopia progression. The doctor may also prescribe bifocal and progressive lenses.
Regular contact lenses do not slow the progression of myopia. But specially designed, soft myopia-controlling contacts can correct vision while slowing myopia progression. The user wears the lenses during the day and can dispose of or reuse them for one month.
Most users adapt to lenses that require more appointments for fitting. There are various myopia-control lenses recommended for children and teens. The most effective option will depend on the child’s prescription and eye health.
Atropine in high concentrations is usually used to dilate the pupils during eye exams and in other applications. Low-dose atropine eye drops can be prescribed as a myopia control treatment. However, there are certain negative effects associated with the treatment. They include increased sensitivity to light and reduced up-close vision.
In most cases, doctors prescribe atropine drops alongside eyeglasses or contact lenses. The medication slows myopia progression, but it does not correct blurred vision. The effectiveness of the treatment varies among individuals.
You should consider various factors when choosing the best myopia control option for your child. Some children react best to using atropine, while others find ortho-k is best for them. When considering the best option, doctors consider the following:
The child’s age.
Younger children find it more challenging to handle contact lenses. Combining several methods can provide the greatest impact.
The best time to begin myopia control treatment for your child is soon after diagnosis. The earlier the control starts, the better the results. Early management is vital for children at high risk of developing high myopia. Your eye doctor can create an individualized treatment plan for your child.
For more on understanding myopia control treatment options, visit Performance Vision Center at our Winter Park, Florida office. Call (407) 890-0201 to schedule an appointment today.